Electric Vehicle Battery Heat Management using a Thermoelectric Cooler Powered by Solar PV with MPPT

Authors : Negi 1 , Risha Mal 1

National Institute of Technology Silchar, Assam, India,788010, ambernegi1@gmail.com

Corresponding Author: risha@ee.nits.ac.in

Abstract :

As environmental emissions and the oil shortage worsen, countries are concentrating their efforts on green energy. Electric cars, as part of the alternative energy sector, have drawn worldwide interest due to their environmental friendliness. As a safer alternative to traditional combustion engines, electric cars and hybrid electric vehicles (EV/HEV) have gotten a lot of recognition around the world and are fast becoming a great alternative to internal combustion engine-powered vehicles. Electric vehicles are a great alternative to traditional vehicles. However, various characteristics of electric vehicles, such as performance, cost, battery life, and battery safety, restrict their growth. As a result, battery management is required to get optimal performance. A Battery Heat Management System is used to remove heat geenrated by the battery pack. The cost of a battery pack used in Electric Vehicle is high, which makes research in this area substantial in order to increase the lifespan of the battery pack. A battery heat management system that is powered by solar power from Photo-Voltaic with implementation of Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT) can be very substantial. The paper aims to do the same i.e. show the results of a simulation done to observe the effectiveness of the use of a Battery Thermal Management System, employing a Thermoelectric Cooler that is powered by a Photo-Voltaic with implementation of Maximum Power Point Tracking. The paper further proposes an arrangement of a copper casing outside the battery pack which consists of four Peltier devices, cooling the battery pack from four sides, and observe the effectiveness of the same via simulation.

  • Thermoelectric cooler ,
  • Peltier effect,
  • Solar PV,
  • Electric vehicle

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Amber Negi, Risha Mal. (2022). Electric Vehicle Battery Heat Management using A Thermoelectric Cooler Powered by Solar PV with MPPT. In: Dr Sunita Singh, Dr Mohammed Aurifullah, Dr. Peiman Kianmehr, Dr. Monica Dragomirescu, Smart Environmental Science Technology and Management. Lecture Notes on Environment Conservation and Enrichment, vol 1. Technoarete Publishers. doi.org/10.36647/978-93-92106-02-6.2

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