Preparing and Submitting your regular paper


All manuscripts submitted to the TTIDMKD journal to be considered for publication, are required to be written in the English language. Every manuscript should be between 4 to 20 pages and must be written in the single - column format. The body of the manuscript should be divided into the following sections -

  1. Introduction,
  2. Materials & Methods,
  3. Results,
  4. Discussion, and lastly
  5. Conclusion

Paper Title

The title of the manuscript submitted should be more than 20 words in length. Authors are advised to keep the titles of their manuscripts brief, concise, and as informative as possible while adhering to the word limit.

Author Details

Authors who are submitting manuscripts to the TTIDMKD journal are required to adhere to be below-listed rules when it comes to mentioning their details -

  1. Authors are required to clearly specify their full names.
  2. In the case of multiple authors, the full names of all authors involved have to be mentioned and separated by a comma.
  3. Complete details of the organization or institution that the author is affiliated to such as -
  4. In the case of manuscripts with multiple authors, the affiliation details of all authors involved have to be mentioned clearly.
  5. Apart from all the above details, the email address of the author(s) of a manuscript should also be mentioned clearly.


The abstract for a manuscript must be a single, continuous paragraph containing anywhere between 200 and 250 words. The purpose of the abstract is to recapitulate or summarize the entire background of the research paper, including -

  1. its purpose,
  2. the research methodologies employed,
  3. the principle results/outcomes accrued,
  4. major conclusions, and
  5. its relevance and contributions to the field of Biomedical Engineering.

The abstract should also highlight the innovativeness and the significance of the research conducted.


Anywhere between 3 and 6 keywords or short key phrases must be included within the manuscript for the purposes of indexing.


The introduction has to offer a brief overview of the scope, relevance, and significance of the research conducted, especially with regards to any of the previous research work and advancements in the same area.

Materials and Methods

As part of the Materials and Methodologies section of their manuscript, authors are required to - present the research design employed,

  1. the type of research conducted,
  2. the duration of the entire research study,
  3. any inclusion/exclusion criteria,
  4. choice of subjects, etc.

They are also required to describe their research methodology in detail, offering specifics on -

  1. sample collection,
  2. procession,
  3. lab analysis,
  4. statistical tests utilized for the purposes of data analysis, etc.

All headings and subheadings within the Materials and Methodologies section of a manuscript have to be titled in a logical order (e.g. 1, 2; 1.1, 2.1; 1.1.1, 2.1.1…etc).


Authors are required to disclose all the results and outcomes of their research papers by presenting and illustrating them in a concise, objective manner within their manuscripts, and making use of figures and tables if necessary.

The results accrued from every distinct observation must be described within the main body of the manuscript.


As part of the 'Discussion' section of their manuscripts, authors are required to offer an interpretation of the results mentioned in the previous section and compare them with other research studies. The significance of each of these findings must also be described in clear terms.

In the case of the results not matching up to the actual expected outcomes, authors are required to clearly explain the reason behind these mismatches.

Even in the case of the results matching with all the expectations, authors are required to offer clear explanations of the theory/theories that the results accrued support.


The primary conclusions of the research carried out are to be presented in this section.

The significance of these outcomes to scientific research as well as their economic implications should also be highlighted

Preparing and Submitting your regular paper
  • General
  • Paper Title
  • Author Details
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • All tables within a manuscript should have unique titles placed at the top of them. These titles must be clear and concise and also not be complete sentences.
    • Authors are advised to make use of the tools available for table insertion, editing, formatting, and deleting in Microsoft Word, for adding tables to their manuscripts. Authors are also advised to avoid creating tables using the tab key.
    • All tables within the main body of the manuscript must be numbered appropriately and cited consecutively in accordance with their order of appearance within the manuscript.
  • All figures in a manuscript must have an appropriate caption that is clear and concise. These captions must be typed separately and not be a part of the figure itself. In the case of figures that have different parts, for instance, part A, part B, etc, all the parts have to be explained in the caption.
  • All figures within a manuscript must be sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance.
    • All figures featured in a manuscript must be creative with a minimum resolution of 300dpi for clarity and legibility.
    • All equations within a manuscript must be appropriately numbered. These numbers must be placed to the right of the equation within parentheses, like so - Hn+1(1/n+1, 1/n+1, …, 1/n+1) (1).
      Authors are advised not to add equations to their manuscripts in the form of pictures, but to make use of 'MathType' or to insert symbols as normal text to do so.
  • All equations within a manuscript must be numbered in the order of their appearance with Arabic numerals, to avoid any confusion when they are referred to.
    Citations for all equations must be made only by referring to their numbers, like so - "(1)", and not - “Eq. (1)” or “equation (1),” except at the beginning of a sentence, for instance, “Equation (1) is…”.


Authors are required to ensure that all sources that have been cited within the text of their manuscript must be listed in the reference list and all the items listed under the reference list must be cited in the text. When listing these sources in the reference list, it is important to do so in the order in which they are cited in the text of your manuscript.

REFERENCES In-Text Citation Format

Any references must be cited with their respective reference numbers (which are decided based on their order of appearance in the text of your manuscript) within square brackets. Authors should make sure not to set these reference numbers as superscript numbers. Also do not use, "Ref. [3]” or “Reference [3]”, except when being used at the beginning of a sentence, for instance - “Reference [3] shows that....".