Preparing and Submitting your regular paper


Manuscripts submitted to the TTASSH journal must be written in English. Papers accepted for publication may vary from 5 to 12 pages in Single column format. The main text is divided into separate sections, organized by Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, and Conclusion.

Paper Title

A title of no more than 20 words must be brief, specific, and informative.

Author Details

Full name for all authors should be given; The names of multiple authors are separated by a comma; Please provide the whole affiliation for each author including academic affiliation, city, postcode, country, e-mail; If multiple authors have contributed to the article, details of the corresponding author must be clear. An Email address is compulsory for the corresponding author.


The abstract should be written as a continuous paragraph with 200-250 words and recapitulative state the background of the research, purpose, methodologies, principal results, major conclusions, and its contributions to the field. It must emphasize new or important aspects of the study.


Include 3–10 keywords or short phrases for indexing


Please provide a brief overview of the scope and relevance of the research, especially, regarding the previous advancements in related fields

Materials and Methods

Present the research design, research type, research duration, inclusion/exclusion criteria, choice of subjects, etc. Describe the methodology completely, including sample collection, processing, lab analysis, statistical tests used for data analysis etc. Use section headings/subheadings in a logical order to entitle each category or method. (e.g. 1, 2; 1.1, 2.1; 1.1.1, 2.1.1…etc)


Present and illustrate your findings objectively and concisely, if appropriate, with figures/ tables. In the main text, describe each of your results by a particular observation.


Provide an interpretation of your results and make comparisons with other studies. The significance of findings should be clearly described. If your results differ from your expectations, explain why that may have happened. If your results agree, then describe the theory that the evidence supported.


The main conclusions of the experimental work should be presented. The contribution of the work to the scientific research and its economic implications should be emphasized.

Preparing and Submitting your regular paper
  • General
  • Paper Title
  • Author Details
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • Introduction
  • Materials and Methods
  • Results
  • Discussion
  • All tables within a manuscript should have unique titles placed at the top of them. These titles must be clear and concise and also not be complete sentences.
    • Authors are advised to make use of the tools available for table insertion, editing, formatting, and deleting in Microsoft Word, for adding tables to their manuscripts. Authors are also advised to avoid creating tables using the tab key.
    • All tables within the main body of the manuscript must be numbered appropriately and cited consecutively in accordance with their order of appearance within the manuscript.
  • All figures in a manuscript must have an appropriate caption that is clear and concise. These captions must be typed separately and not be a part of the figure itself. In the case of figures that have different parts, for instance, part A, part B, etc, all the parts have to be explained in the caption.
  • All figures within a manuscript must be sequentially numbered with Arabic numerals in the order of their appearance.
    • All figures featured in a manuscript must be creative with a minimum resolution of 300dpi for clarity and legibility.
    • All equations within a manuscript must be appropriately numbered. These numbers must be placed to the right of the equation within parentheses, like so - Hn+1(1/n+1, 1/n+1, …, 1/n+1) (1).
      Authors are advised not to add equations to their manuscripts in the form of pictures, but to make use of 'MathType' or to insert symbols as normal text to do so.
  • All equations within a manuscript must be numbered in the order of their appearance with Arabic numerals, to avoid any confusion when they are referred to.
    Citations for all equations must be made only by referring to their numbers, like so - "(1)", and not - "Eq. (1)" or "equation (1)," except at the beginning of a sentence, for instance, "Equation (1) is…".


All sources cited in text must appear in the reference list, and all items in the reference list must be cited in text. With the numerical system, references are arranged in the reference list so that they match the order in which they are cited in the text.

REFERENCES In-Text Citation Format

References are simply cited with the consistent reference number in square brackets. Do not set references number as superscript number. Do not use “Ref. [3]” or “Reference [3]” except at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. “Reference [3] shows …”